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re : translation fr -> of wood-fired kiln type

updated sun 25 jun 06


Helen Bates on sat 24 jun 06

Hi Raphaëlle,

I forgot to mention Eric Astoul's own web site, and as well, his
mention on the euroceramique site:

His kiln is described in the latter page as a "four couché thailandais"
or parenthetically, as an anagama.

This makes sense, as his kiln plans for which you can view drawings on
his own site seem similar to numerous others for the "anagama" type of

I saw recently a comment to the effect that the term "anagama" is
becoming somewhat loosely used to refer to any more or less horizontal
type of kiln.


Helen in Belleville, ON

--- Raphaelle Fraysse wrote:

> Hil Helen,
> Than you very indeed much for all the information you sent. I will
> read
> those pages with great interest.
> All the best in Ontario
> Raphaëlle
> -----Message d'origine-----
> De : Helen Bates []
> Envoyé : samedi 24 juin 2006 07:39
> À : Discussion Clayart
> Objet : Re: translation FR -> of wood-fired kiln type
> On Fri, 23 Jun 2006, Raphaelle Fraysse wrote:
> "{...) In the copy to go into the catalogue of the Feile Clai
> festival
> (Thomastown, Ireland) about Eric Astoul, The French talks about a
> "four
> couché à bois en flammes directes". Literally, "a lying wood-fired
> kiln
> in direct flames". Could someone tell me if it's ok to call it a
> "horizontal wood-firing kiln using direct flames " or if they know a
> better name for that type of kiln? Thank you very much in
> anticipation
> for any help! Raphaëlle"
> "four couché à bois en flammes directes"
> Your translation: "horizontal wood-firing kiln using direct flames"
> A couple of other possibilities:
> "horizontal wood-fired kiln providing direct flame contact"
> "direct flame wood-firing horizontal draft kiln"
> A list of some names for types of horizontal kilns: rectangular
> kiln;
> tunnel kiln; anagama kiln; noborigama kiln; groundhog kiln; Newcastle
> kiln; St. Anand kiln; La Borne kiln
> Possibly of interest:
> 915
> "Rectangular kilns were used in all the colonies, in the south they
> were
> horizontal draft similar to the English Newcastle kiln which was
> probably the forerunner of the groundhog kiln so universally used
> there
> in the nineteenth century. The name groundhog was derived from the
> fact
> that the kiln was built into the hillside like an animal burrow. The
> earth provided the thick walls and arch with support and insulation.
> The
> capacity of the average groundhog kiln was about five hundred
> gallons."
> Newcastle Kiln (horizontal draught or draft kiln)
> ml
> For common parts of a Roman kiln in several languages, see:
> Helen
> Belleville, Ontario, Canada
> Helen Bates
> Belleville, Ontario, Canada
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Helen Bates
Belleville, Ontario, Canada

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